Brought up to be vain and self-important, Moses killed a man, fled to the hills and become a sheep-keeping Bedouin, which since then, is time-honored training for mid-eastern men serving nobility. (Moshè was not his actual name but an appellation, as are most ancient sobriquets).
Well-seasoned by the time he returned to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt, Moses was entrusted by God with a basic spiritual groundwork for the Hebrew Diaspora he was leading, which consisted of profound knowledge of God and workable values to espouse.
Hebrew muckety-mucks eventually expanded God's basic few principles into (613±) very hard laws to which no actual person could adhere, and after the Son-of-God fulfilled those laws—breaking the hold of religion over the people—the mother church then retooled those basic Mosaic guidelines into its Ten Commandments, in order to start beating people over the head with them all over again. It all became pretty intense stuff.
But for those of us who’ve grown up and put all childishness away, we've come to know that God does not command, but that He informs. He is the good parent who works with individuals and never makes demands, but who is the guiding hand toward workable truths -- much as He attempted to do with the Mosaic bunch.
Since it's not the observer’s desire to create a new religion with new phraseology, he continues to call God's ways by their misappropriated title of 'ten commandments,' for easy reference ... yet he feels to point out that God's time-honored two-tablet list was only just rule-of-thumb principles for an easy life on earth, and neither counted ten in number, nor were "commandments."
God is saying: "I am your creator. There are a number of fallen angels also created by me who are vying to be your gods but whose actions will only do you harm. Partner with me alone and things will be alright." This is the admonition that made Sir Issac Newton decry the teaching of Trinity, because it went against this "commandment."
This is an addendum to the first principle, disallowing for the worship of man-made objects. The prohibition primarily referred to Ashertroth poles, totems carved with faces of chief demons used for fornication, and any other worshipful object(s). Moses' brother Aaron was a prime offender via the golden calf he'd made. Now while Jews understand the prohibition to a point where Muslims overplay it, it sort of skews Catholic Christians who display graven images and then look the other way when adherents pray to and/or worship them.
This is the Blasphemy caution. Blasphemy is the total denunciation of God that guarantees one having done so cannot return to heaven. It has nothing to do with uttering profanities. Better phrased for our time is: 'You are not God. You are not to assume His identity for yourself.'
God wanted as tradition for the world to separate its schedule into seven-day increments to keep the human animal refreshed. How odd that the rush to metricize all measurement hasn't converted our week from seven to ten days.
Easily understood, as God is the de-facto parent wanting us to learn to value his conscience.
Greatly misunderstood. This prohibition was against the then popular Rite of Human Sacrifice. Luciferic forces have always demanded human sacrifice, and God did not want the Jews indulging in this since He was sending His own sacrifice—His Son—to solve the matter -- by beating Lucifer at his own game. Also, the civilization God built from Hebrew diaspora needed to learn to not kill someone for simply being annoying, because each individual's life is provided them for decision about returning to heaven, or not.
While this does appear to be something God would warn Mosaic Jews against, it's more an extruding of the original principles given them for leading a good life. As men traditionally had many wives and some even harems—even to the Church's nun-harems for priests—this caution appears more designed to control masses than it's actually being a true Godly principle. Sex-management in that day was about officiating family lineage for tax reasons, something God doesn't really care about. Harem, by the way, is from the Arabic word, "Haram" which means, 'forbidden to everybody but me.'
Again, this seems an overblown caution fabricated by elders tired of settling complaints amongst its people. But then, it's a good general principle. Except if you're hungry.
Another overblown principle by judges who couldn't control their people.
More blather concocted to keep a god-fearing society in its place, as governments pressed them and their neighbor's wives into service at Temples of Fornication, while stealing their land with legal statutes and taxing them to death, etc.
But since all religion is run by control-freaks desirous of fame and money, these simple guidelines were quickly extruded into controlling rules for all Hebrew citizenry, that was adopted by state-religions trying to suppress it's people.
It's not stuff you need to do to get on God's good side -- so of course no adherence to any of this can make God like you.